The Role And The Future Of Small Towns In The Central Italy Earthquake Crater 2016 And "The Reconstruction Of The Possible", Participatory Workshop For A Post-Earthquake Development Plan In Bolognola

The earthquake that involved Central Italy in 2016, in addition to its disruptive effects on people, heritage and social capital, cracking the fragile balance of economic and demographic systems, has greatly amplified the attention paid small municipalities, on the Apennines Mountains. Summing the Small Municipalities Law and the National Strategy for Internal Areas, a sole largescale project affecting the so-called "earthquake crater" of Central Italy can be outlined and presented as a widespread reconstruction work, in the name of safety and technical, technological, administrative and planning innovation. Despite the magnitude of the objectives, the dislocation of damages, the distribution and over-provision of historical, public and private assets, the particularity of the places involved, characterized by extreme specificity and inhabited by local microcommunities with a strong local identity, are likely to enhance little programmatic tools. Assuming the necessity of a context-based and collaborative approach to producing effective change at the local and regional scale, the question is: how to make possible and support a local pro-active and cooperative environment? By focusing on the collaboration developed in 2017 between the Municipality of Bolognola and the IUAV University, the paper explores the possibility of codesigning an action plan for post-earthquake development.
Governance tools, Participatory process, Institutional innovation, Territorial regeneration, Risk planning