Interdisciplinary Methodology for rethinking the urban layout via Multi Criteria analysis and indicator application
Since the 1990s, due to exponential urbanization, the approach of urban and landscape architecture has been facing new challenges and as a result has been changing rapidly. The ever progressing development of contemporary metropolises has led to a rethinking of the structural composition of human settlements. These days the focus is no longer only on meeting the needs of expanding cities, but finding a suitable method to govern the transformations of existing structures. This paper aims to renew the idea of contemporary city spaces, considering also the requalification of existing urban infrastructure. The main focus of this research is a future configuration of urban infrastructure in twenty years from now, when urban mobility will have developed and be much more sustainable. For this purpose, a range of indicators will be used on the economic, functional and social level that can direct the regeneration of such structures by proposing them in a defined urban morphology and a – depending on those surroundings - flexible system of values. The intention of this interdisciplinary group’s collaboration is to develop a multi-criteria method to support the design process of said urban layouts. Following the analysis of urban structure data collected from an area in question, qualitative and quantitative indicators will be identified through a series of strategies. They will then be subdivided by macro-topics such as environment, economy and social life, which serve as main “pillars” of the system. Due to its key role in urban infrastructure, the mobility macro topic intersects the other pillars and will be the main topic of our research. By way of balancing the four macro-topic variables, three different solutions will emerge: a solution of equilibrium, a naturalistic solution and a metabolic solution. A reality based exemplary case study will explain the process as a whole, emphasizing the individual steps.
Methodology, analysis, indicators, green technologies