Informal Migrant Settlements Between Irregular Condition and Right to the City : New Challenges for Planning in Cross-Border Euro-Mediterranean Contexts
Lo Piccolo, Francesco
The phenomenon of migratory flows, which has been growing exponentially in Europe for more than two decades and is recently reaching its peak also as an effect of the political and economic instability in North-Africa and the Middle-East, represents a major element of change in the European social framework. Over the last fifty years, many European regions in the Mediterranean area, historically considered areas of origin of international migratory flows, have been transformed into places of reception. Underlying this mobility is the demand, by a variable and globalized economy, for ‘easy’ labour, mostly made up of new immigrants (Ambrosini and Abbatecola, 2004), instrumental to that particular economic system (Berlan, 2008; Keskinen, Norocel and Jorgensen, 2016). Over the last ten years, the most significant percentage changes in Europe’s resident foreign population have been recorded mainly in the Southern regions (especially in Italy, Greece and Spain), where, despite the economic crisis, substantial increases in the number of resident foreign citizens have been recorded (Eurostat, 2021).
informal migrant settlements , cross-border contexts , euro-mediterranean , migratory flows