2023 Integrated Planning in a World of Turbulence, Łódź 11-15th July

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  • PublicationOpen Access
    AESOP 2023 Congress : Full Program
    (AESOP, 2023)
    Track 01: Integrated Planning for Complexity Track 02: Smart and Agile Planning: Smart Cities and Regions Track 03: Planning and Law for Turbulent Futures Track 04: Integrated Planning over the Borders Track 05: Planning for Mobility: Accessibility, Affordability and Sustainability Track 06: Planning for Democracy and Governance Track 07: Planning for Resilience: Territories, Communities and Environment Track 08: Planning for Culture and Tourism: Public Spaces, Heritage, Identity, Regeneration Track 09: Planning for Inclusive, Multicultural and Just Cities Track 10: Interdisciplinary Planning Education: Challenges, Dialogues, Innovations Track 11: Turbulent Urban Futures: Uncertainty and Adaptability Track 12: Territorial Governance and Cohesion Track 13: A Multiverse of Planning Theories Track 14: CEE planning doctrines and practices Track 15: Environmentalism: Climate Crisis and Green Deal Track 16: Territories under Pressure: Geopolitics and Planning Track 17: Planning for Post-Pandemic World
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Book of proceedings : 35th AESOP Annual Congress : Integrated planning in a world of turbulence, Łódź, Poland 11-15. 07. 2023
    (AESOP, 2023) Banachowicz, Beata
    In recent years, the modern world has been facing growing civilization challenges related to the effects of climate change, progressive degradation of the natural environment resources and values, internal and external migrations resulting from economic cr ises and political tensions, as well as shortening product life cycles, automation and autonomization of management processes in business and the public sector. Development processes are going to be difficult to predict, such as the outbreak of the COVID 19 pandemic in 2019 appearance, for example. Uncertain forecasts for the future force us to expect further development disruptions. Importantly, these phenomena h ave their consequences in the sphere of spatial development patterns and ways of using it by various stakeholders. These consequences are revealed on a local, regional, national and transnational scale, implying the need to develop methods of cooperation b etween various planning entities and planning systems. Space is becoming on the one hand an increasingly valuable resource, and its values and territorial dimension become an important factor of the development and growth processes on the other hand, it requires more and more flexible adaptation of its d evelopment patterns to changing trends and forecasted challenges and problems. This raises the question of the effectiveness and legitimacy of using the existing, more traditional planning approaches based on the methodology of long term strategic planning aimed at building stable foundations for the development of society and in c ontrast to this searching for new approaches corresponding to the indicated planning challenges in conditions of high uncertainty of events, risks and anthropogenic and natural hazards. A particular challenge seems to be the need to use planning tools in international cooperation to reduce the negative externalities related to the side effects of globalization processes. The Congress aimed to create a space to discuss the importance and role of Integrated Planning in a World of Turbulence . With this Book of Proceedings Congress Attendees provided a valuable contribution to this discourse! Local Organizing Committee AESOP 2023 Annual Congress Lodz
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Book of abstracts : 35th AESOP Annual Congress Integrated planning in a world of turbulence, Łódź, Poland 11-15. 07. 2023
    (AESOP, 2023) Pielesiak, Iwona; Leśniewska-Napierała, Katarzyna
    The modern world is struggling with the growing civilization challenges related to the effects of climate change, the progressive degradation of the natural environment, migrations resulting from economic crises and political tensions, as well as shortening product life cycles, automation, and autonomy of management processes. It is becoming increasingly difficult to predict development processes, phenomena, and events, as evidenced by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2019. In the realm of contemporary challenges, the imperative for integrated planning becomes all the more pronounced, especially in the face of a world characterized by turbulence. The pertinence of existing planning methodologies, rooted in long-term strategic visions aimed at fostering stable societal development, prompts an inquiry into their efficacy and legitimacy. This scrutiny becomes particularly crucial when juxtaposed against the multifaceted planning challenges posed by the pervasive uncertainty of events, risks, and the interplay of anthropogenic and natural hazards. Therefore integrated planning emerges as a compelling alternative, addressing the spatial, sustainability, environmental, and values dimensions. Navigating the complexities of contemporary challenges requires a departure from conventional norms, urging a paradigm shift towards adaptive and innovative strategies that resonate with the uncertainties of our time. The Congress provided a room for a wide scope of discussion on planning and attracted an attention of the academic community from all over the world and, as a result of this interest, 769 papers were submitted to the Congress. Finally 593 papers have been accepted for an oral presentation within 17 Congress Tracks, 38 submissions for Poster session and 62 for on-line presentation. About 85% of these submissions were written by authors from AESOP-member schools. This Book of Abstracts presents contributions submitted at the AESOP 2023 Annual Congress in Lodz. Local Organizing Committee AESOP 2023 Annual Congress Lodz
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Attempting the regeneration of the isolated and borderline settlements of Epirus: the case study of the broader community of Pogoniani
    (AESOP, 2023) Tomou, Niovi; Serraos, Konstantinos
    The fear of space confinement during Covid 19 pandemic, led many citizens to flee to rural areas, opening again the dialogue regarding rural development. Through the case study of a borderline rural community in Epirus (Greece), the possibility of reviving rural settlements that face severe problems of abandonment and isolation, is investigated. By evaluating the current national and international regulation on rural areas and a SWOT analysing the case study area, this research sets out to examine the character of a modern management of rural areas and contribute to the revival of these isolated communities. The subject of this paper is considered critical and needs immediate attention, as rural areas gather most of the planet's natural capital, which is currently being depleted and degraded. Keywords: regeneration, decentralisation, desertification of rural areas, post pandemic rural planning
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Planning the 15 min city-the case of Chania
    (AESOP, 2023) Dimelli, Despina
    According to C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group & C40 Knowledge hub, adopting a 15 minute city strategy means striving for an urban model that allows everyone, in every neighborhood, to meet most of their daily needs within a short walk or bike ride of their home. The current paper will examine the possibilities of a typical Greek city, Chania, to be developed as a 15minute city. The city is chosen as it combines dense development in its historic center, and sprawled development in its borders, so these contradictions are decisive for its sustainable mobility development. Its inhabitants and visitors mostly use cars for their daily needs fact that is caused by the lack of pedestrians and cyclist networks and the fragmental way public uses and areas have been diachronically developed in the city. Research will examine the positions of public uses and areas, their connections with mobility networks and it will evaluate their accessibility. Finally, it will propose strategies for the adjustment of the city in the principles of the 15-minute city. Keywords: 15-minute city, post pandemic cities, Chania, urban planning
  • PublicationOpen Access
    The relationship between natural resources and children's interaction with nature in experimental primary schools: a study on environmental settings and curriculum in Taiwan’s experimental primary schools
    (AESOP, 2023) Chan, Yi Chien; Chen, Pingli
    The intellectual development of children has always been a crucial part of education. However, traditional education in Taiwan often leads to a limited understanding of the local community and a lack of interaction with nature and the community, thus impacting their developmental rights. In recent years, the Ministry of Education has promoted the “Outdoor Education Program” to encourage schools to lead students out of the campus and engage with nature. Unfortunately, COVID 19 has hindered the implementation of this program. Experimental schools, on the other hand, have integrated natural resources into their spaces early on. Therefore, through researching how these schools utilize natural resources to support the curriculum, we hope to evaluate the assistance and limitations provided by different natural environmental experiences while considering the rights of children’s development. This study aims to provide a framework for adjusting campus and surrounding environmental planning within the context of traditional education in Taiwan. Keywords: children, natural resources, interaction with nature, experimental primary school, COVID 19 epidemic
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Post-epidemic era community micro-regeneration of active health intervention: a case study of tongda community in Wuhan, China
    (AESOP, 2023) Huang, Zeliu; Mei, Lei; Yuan, Nuoya
    As the world enters the post epidemic era, how to create a community environment that meets the physical and health needs of residents has gradually become the focus of micro regeneration of old communities in China. Based on the analysis of the promoting effect of community physical spatial environment on residents' health, this paper constructs a community active health intervention system framework that includes two levels of "path and place" and six aspects of "connectivity, safety, pleasantness, complexity, balance, and quality". Taking the micro regeneration of Tongda Community as an example, by optimizing the design of community spatial environment, active health intervention is carried out on residents' activities and behaviors, providing experience for the future development of the community from the perspective of health. Keywords: China; Residents' health; Community public space; Micro regeneration; Active health intervention
  • PublicationOpen Access
    The role of mental structures on Iran development program realization
    (AESOP, 2023) Afrakhteh, Hassan
    Iran has one of the most extensive histories of development programs in developing nations. The sixth of the national programs is currently in operation, and none of them have been a success. This article attempts to identify three mental structures that contributed to Iran's development plans failing. Elite development planners were interviewed for the research, and data were also collected from some published documents. Grounded theory was used to analyze the data. The outcomes show that the economic plans for development were not realized because the political ideas concealed in the development plans are incompatible with Iran's circumstances, development programs have epistemologicalF flaws, meritocracy , the rule making and rewarding system have not produced motivation, even for those in charge of program implementation. As a result, voluntary public participation doesn't help the implementation of programs. Keywords: Development Programs, political ideas, methodological perspective, motivation, Iran
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Are IBA/IBTA successful instruments for regenerating mining regions sustainably?
    (AESOP, 2023) Kaur Slatch, Amrita
    IBA Internationale Bauausstellung has been for more than a century an important instrument of structural change in the regions facing socio-economic and environmental concerns. With the onset of Information Technology being used as a successful tool for urban planning, IBA now has reinvented itself as IBTA Internationale Bau und Technologieausstellung. It can be said that IBA and IBTA are constantly striving to have a forward-looking approach to global change in socio-economic, environmental and climatic systems. The IBA-Fürst-Pückler Land was an attempt to reimagine the postindustrial landscape of the open-cast lignite mining region in Lausitz or Lusatia which was completed in 2010. As part of the vision, several decommissioned and abandoned open-cast lignite mines were transformed into pit lakes, therefore becoming Europe’s largest artificial lake district. Two decades later the Rheinishce Revier or the Rhenish Mining Area (RMA), also an important Lignite region in Germany, is undergoing a similar process of change with plans to fill up the open cast mines with underground and river water to fulfil the vision of a Lake for the community. In the context of climate change, the observed declining ground water recharge potential and the unpredictable precipitation patterns in Germany, filling up of the open cast mines with water may not be the most optimal proposition when thinking for a sustainable future. The paper therefore seeks to highlight the limitation and challenges of the IBA/IBTA as a tool for regenerating mining regions and suggest measures and frameworks to address them. Keywords: IBA, IBTA, Mining Regions, Lausitz and Rheinishce Revier
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Exploring local spatial organization of offshore wind energy and coastal fishery: insights for justice from Changhua, Taiwan
    (AESOP, 2023) Liangchin, Chi; Wei ju, Huang
    The justice issue in energy transition concerns its distribution of benefits and burdens to society and environment. Space has been acknowledged as the underlying factor of distributive justices, by exploring the location and the relationships constituted by space. This study constructs a conceptual framework that can be used for analysing the relationship between capability of fishery livelihood, spatial organisation and justice. Through a case study of coastal fisheries and offshore wind farm development in Changhua, functionings of a coastal fisherman are defined as fishing behavior, mobility of fishing boats, accessing to fishing grounds. The capability set as their choice is constituted by fishing hours, fish catch and fishing methods for target species. Keywords: capability, spatial organisation, coastal fishery, offshore wind energy
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Towards a resilient drought management system
    (AESOP, 2023) Vercruysse, Joachim
    Drought is considered an insidious, complex and multidisciplinary phenomenon due to many interacting influences. This paper focusses on the specific situation in Flanders, Belgium. Although in Flanders, the annual precipitation remains stable, drought impacts are becoming more and more severe. This is partly due to increased water demand, changed water use patterns in combination with outdated legislation and reactive policies, not aimed at resilient water management. This paper identifies contributing elements, relations and interactions in the drought system of Flanders, through the actor relational approach and demonstrates how this approach might be implemented in the Flemish case. An actor relational approach would allow striving for a more resilient drought management system. Keywords: resilience, drought, actor relational approach
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Beyond the rhetoric: planning theory in the age of technology
    (AESOP, 2023) Signoroni, Ruggero
    Within the animated debate of contemporary Planning Theory, more and more space is (appropriately) devoted to the critical deconstruction of some forms of rhetoric that, collecting vast consent within the public opinions, have been widely used in the field of urban politics and urban planning. What are these rhetorics? How do they take shape? In an attempt to answer these questions, the paper proposes an exploration articulated on two levels. The first consists in the analysis of rhetoric as an ‘epiphenomenon’, i.e. ephemeral manifestation of a structural tendency: that is, the return, in the field of social sciences and in particular of spatial planning, of scientism. By addressing the origins of the disciplinary rhetorics as well as the reappearance of scientism, the paper finally reflects on possible implications for Planning theory in the age of technology. Keywords: Planning Theory; Rhetoric; Scientism; Technology
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Unveiling the place-based approach for local territorial development: o servations in one Italian ‘inner area’
    (AESOP, 2023) Romero Silva, Valentina
    This paper explores the challenges and opportunities associated with implementing integrated territorial projects in Inner Areas of Italy using a place-based approach. The study focuses on the case study of the Bormida Valley, one of the pilot project areas under the National Strategy for Inner Areas (SNAI). The analysis delves into the decision-making processes, multi-level governance, and mobilization of local knowledge in formulating and implementing project actions. It reveals the complexities involved in project selection, stakeholder engagement, and adherence to regional guidelines. The findings highlight the importance of context specific approaches, local knowledge activation, and stakeholder engagement for successful project outcomes. The research contributes to understanding the intricacies of implementing integrated territorial projects and provides insights for policymakers and practitioners seeking to promote sustainable development in Inner Areas. Keywords: local development, left behind places, place based approach
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Territorial governance in marginal areas: learning from an integrated project for landscape regeneration and place-based development in southern Salento
    (AESOP, 2023) Barbanente, Angela; Grassini, Laura
    The paper discusses premises, development and contents of an integrated initiative for landscape regeneration and place-based development promoted by the Apulia Region, Italy. It took place in the rural area of Southern Salento, in the southmost part of the region, which not only suffers from deep marginality so to be included among the targeted areas of the SNAI policy but has recently been hit by the so-called Olive Quick Decline Syndrome, an environmental disaster connected to the Xylella epidemic, which has turned that area into a ghostlike place. The integrated initiative proved to have interesting potential for filling in some gaps in the effectiveness of existing public policies in the area because of its capacity to mobilize, support and offer long term perspectives to vibrant bottom-up processes and collaborative practices promoting sustainable rural economies. The analysis of this experience may thus give interesting suggestions for future public policies supporting place-based development in marginal territories. Keywords: place-based development; multi-level and multi actor processes; marginal
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Place in place-based approaches: a framework for analysing integration, agency of place, actors and institutions
    (AESOP, 2023) Ruijsink, Saskia
    Urban planning, design and place based approaches have regained importance on the Dutch policy agenda. Especially integrated place based approaches are promoted to address complex intertwined societal and environmental challenges at various scale levels, in urban and rural contexts. However, there is limited understanding about how integration comes about. This paper addresses this gap by focusing on agency of place. It develops an analytical framework for assessing the role of agency of place, actors, institutions and their interactions in integration. This framework is applied to two Dutch place based processes: 1) National Programme for Rotterdam South (NPRZ) and 2) Area Deal Alblasserwaard Vijfheerenlanden. This application results in a refined, empirically informed and theoretically substantiated framework where the dimension of time appears of critical importance for realising place based integration. Key words: place based approach, place agency, integration, transdisciplinary, place based transformative capacity
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Economic policy and spatial planning. The case study of the special economic zone
    (AESOP, 2023) Charalampidou, Vasiliki
    Regional policy, which basically lies in the balancing of spatial disparities, combined with the optimization of the efficiency of placements, make up the spatial development policy, which is implemented through planning. This proposal is about incorporating, coordinating, and attempting to balance economic policies and spatial planning in the European Union and Greece. The most widespread tool is the Special Economic Zone (SEZ), which is based on economic policy and spatial agglomeration theories. SEZ involves issues of urban development, such as location, size, the distance from the existence of resources and raw materials, connection to networks and infrastructure, etc. The effectiveness resulted from a study of three examples; Ireland, China and the most active in Europe, the Polish Zone. In Greece, there is no institutionalised SEZ, even though the issue is not unprecedented and returns to the debate at regular intervals. In conclusion, three (3) pillars are recognised for the achievement of the SEZ in a country: (i) the correlation of the strategic approach of the SEZ and the development policy; (ii) the strategic dynamism, regarding the risk of such a venture both for business investors and for the state; and (iii) implementation. To the above, a fourth pillar the integrated approach to spatial planning outside the zone could be added. Keywords: Special economic zone, spatial planning, spatial agglomeration, economic policy, free taxes
  • PublicationOpen Access
    The third sector as a new urban actor in the territories of functional inequalities
    (AESOP, 2023) Simionato, Ludovica
    Italy's inland areas are strongly affected by the lack of essential services, their territorial absence and the low quality offered to citizens. In addition to this, it has emphasised the practices of central administration far from marginal places and local administrations often locked in particularistic dynamics for mere consensus --. How can European (extraordinary) and national (ordinary) resources be activators of processes that follow general guidelines but are place based? With the Code of the Third Sector a new approach to fund management is opening up. The novelty of these processes that are being promoted in some Italian cities could be a testbed to be monitored for inland areas, with less and less administrative capacity and more and more need for networking skills and experimentation. Keywords: Urban planning, Third Sector, Cohesion, Risk, Inland unequal areas
  • PublicationOpen Access
    The social performance of nature in three Brazilian cities: territorial systems and social innovation in the historical process of visualizing and imagining natural places
    (AESOP, 2023) Vladimir, Camilo
    This paper aims to explore the social performance of nature, investigating the interplay of nature, subjectivities and visions for the future. The main challenge is to denaturalize our conceptions of nature and to understand science as techniques of phenomena, thus grounding a paradigm for the right to nature as a right to produce nature as a work of design. For that, we will investigate the evolution of the imaginary of urban nature in a regressive progressive history of urban rivers in the cities of Goias, Goiania and Caldas Novas, thus visualizing the social dimensions in different attitudes, appropriation and future plans for its urban nature. This aims to contribute for building a reflexive and design thinking approach to nature and unveiling the politics of environmental perception. Keywords: Regional Design; Nature; Denaturalizing; Urban River; Urban Political Ecology
  • PublicationOpen Access
    The tale of two regions: planning for resilience in Finnish regional planning, does planning culture matter?
    (AESOP, 2023) Hewidy, Hossam; Eräranta, Susa
    Cities and regions encounter growing complexities in their operational environment, requiring an ability to acknowledge the accelerating change dynamics and uncertainties in their planning processes. Being formed of different municipalities and cities, regions are complex territories for planning by nature. This research builds on case studies of two neighbouring Finnish regions: Helsinki Uusimaa and Southwest Finland. The research sets out to explore the role of planning culture in enabling a region that is sensitive to the increasing complexities and the consequent need for resilient knowledge practices in processes. The study combines semi structured interviews with officials in regional planning bodies with document analysis. The findings highlight major questions of procedural resilience on regional level by simultaneously showing how available resources can affect integrating resilience in regional planning. Keywords: Finland, Regional Planning, Planning Culture, Resilience
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Research on the worker community governance transformation and residents’ self-organization: a case study of Pingdingshan city, China
    (AESOP, 2023) Li, Guangyu; Huang, Yi
    In China, state owned enterprises used to responsible for building workers' houses and providing public services such as education and medical treatment for their employees. However, in recent years, the governance of worker community has been transformed from “unitary management” (managed by the enterprise), to "multi governance” (managed by the government, property company and residents’ organizations). State owned enterprises are not responsible for community management anymore. Instead, residents’ self-organization is seen as an important governance force. This research takes a traditional coal resource-based city as an example, through methods of data review, field survey and semi structured interview, analyzing the main types of residents' self-organization and the challenges during the autonomy process. Furthermore, this paper indicates that social capital and official supervision should be strengthen in autonomic practice. Key words: state owned enterprise; worker community; governance transformation; residents’ self-organization