2015 Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July

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  • PublicationOpen Access
    Book of proceedings : Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, 29th Annual AESOP 2015 Congress July 13–16, 2015 | Prague, Czech Republic
    (AESOP, 2015) Macoun, Milan; Maier, Karel
    Dear members and friends of the AESOP community, Welcome in Prague for the 2015 annual AESOP Congress! In these challenging and troubled times, the unpredictable and contested nature of our shared spaces forces us to develop innovative planning research, in the light of intellectual freedom, democratic enhancement of differences, cooperation, ethics and justice. This requires a deep sense of responsibility, individually as well as collectively, considering our ethical sensitivity, civic engagement and research commitment as parts of a wider social practice. This issue – and the consequential dialectical tension – is at the core of the AESOP Prague Congress; in fact, the gap between sprawled powers and blurred sense of responsibility is the focus of the 2015 Congress debates. According to its intriguing title “Definite space – fuzzy responsibility”, the Prague Congress asks us: who should take responsibility for how cities and regions are being changed? Our community will face this difficult question, with hundreds of papers and presences in Prague. This is a great occasion in order to consider whether anything systematic can be said about how such ethical and political issues arise, hence how they might be understood, and addressed today. The AESOP Prague Congress also provides an opportunity for researchers in planning to think about the implications for their work of the changes in governance and planning which have been both a spur for, and object of, their academic work. In large measure, these derive from a perennial set of ethical issues surrounding research which seeks to inform public policy. There are ethical challenges which are distinctive of the kind of research which at least some planning researchers undertake, in contexts of social tension and/or conflict, sometimes associated with clear oppression and injustice. These circumstances are only more extreme versions of the challenge to any planning scholar, because the definition and use of space is bound up with social justice in the broadest sense, and the way power – and governmental responsibility – is exercised in society. Consequently, one of the purposes of the Congress is to explore ways of thinking about planning which considers the social context of ethical perception and public political behaviour. By doing this, we hope to shift the emphasis of discussion from individual and/or occasional probity to those circumstances that help planners and public officials develop and use sound ethical judgement: in public life, in society, in our cities as well as in our schools. Although the moral landscape within which planning is undertaken is not an easy one to read or traverse, the Conference debate and contributions will certainly identify significant planning issues which can constitute part of an agenda for discussion among researchers and policy-makers. Due to the excellent and terrific work of the Prague Local Organizing Committee, the AESOP Congress 2015 is providing the best environment for all this, and I wish a fruitful and intellectually attractive experience to all the participants! Francesco Lo Piccolo
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Waterfront Space Utilization in Coastal Metropolitans: An Empirical Study Based on Quantitative Analysis
    (AESOP, 2015) Wang, Sicheng; Tang, Lingling; Kong, Lingyu; Han, Jing
    For most coastal metropolitans, the waterfront areas provide various valuable resources, However, reasonable arrangement and utilization of different resources, scientific distribution of diverse functions and efficient management of various urban elements with the limited space are major difficulties for urban planners. This study chooses 14 famous coastal cities over the world as the research objects, to conduct a quantitative analysis. Researchers have demarcated a 10-km2 waterfront area (10-kilometer-long coast, 1-kilometer-wide outspread urban space) in each case city with a screenshot software based on Google Earth, then marked different components on the map with different colours, and calculated the ratios of buildings and lands with different functions. Moreover, this study has elaborately analysed the qualities, functions and heights of buildings through the open-source plat form Open street map and Geographic Information System, for answering three questions: (1)the proportions and percentages of various types of lands; (2) the types, forms and heights of constructions and buildings; (3)the organization of road net system. 'The result of the study has concluded key elements of coastal-waterfront space planning, utilization and management.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Processes in the construction of public space: bottom up versus top-down processes : Informal spaces and alternative uses
    (AESOP, 2015) Trachana, Angelique; Martín Castillejos, Ana M.; Martínez, Josefina Flores
    Historically there have always been two different genealogies of public space (Rowe,1981; Sennett,1997 Trachana, 2014). On the one hand there have been spaces created by human societies over time, based on evolution, empirical knowledge, daily life and the real needs of communication and exchange among citizens. These are places full of life that persist over centuries in our cities (De Certeau, 1999). On the other hand, there are instant spaces, planned, designed, and imposed from above. These spaces are governed by a geometric, abstract and symbolic order. They are regulated or regulatory spaces that impose certain patterns of use and behaviour that have prevailed from the Renaissance and Baroque to modern and contemporary times in terms of urbanism. Today the effectiveness and professionalism in urban design that local administrations and economic powers have promoted and always justified by the common good, is being questioned. 􀀀ı The main issue addressed here is how some practices that are being spread nowadays, can be justified. This paper is a critical review of different urban actions that are taking place in Europe (with special emphasis in the case of Spain) and Latin America, and that are an alternative to the public sector in urban planning. Some of the most common actions are the occupation of empty sites, urban gardens, ephemeral transformations of public space for social and recreational uses, and other practices that generally respond to citizen’s real needs in depressed neighbourhoods and impoverished urban areas. These practices constitute effective responses with little means adapted to the current socio-economic situation that imply austerity in public resources and an optimization in the use of technological tools within easy reach by both, professionals and citizens. They are made possible by the network connectivity resulting in collective actions in the physical space. The new models of performance have not only begun to be supported by the public sector but have been adopted and are actually promoted by them.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Smart Solutions for Healthcare System Cases from China
    (AESOP, 2015) Lin, Jiaying
    In the digital age, the structure of global economy has been transformed; the head also changed. By reviewing the history and statistical data of China health evaluating them in a global realm, this paper reveals the fact that medical sys China still falls behind the world average level, which doesn’t coordinate with urbanization development. The main reasons are deficiency of financial expend institutions and health care workers, which is hard to be improved within a short local government have adopted Smart Healthcare System to meet the peoples demand for care. Cases include Smart healthcare card, new health insurance policy and they were introduced, following by the review However, this paper also indicates these smart methods, and presents a holistic medical service system-planning f predictive urban planning to responsive urban governance, the whole process of system could be realized by big data analysis and local legislation establishment planning decisions more rational and feasible.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    The role of visual representations in urban planning
    (AESOP, 2015) Akinci, Burcu
    Visual representations in its all-different forms help us to understand our cities, make it available for analysis. They help us to make useful conceptual shortcuts in our understanding in order to have a glimpse of what’s happening in our cities. This research focuses on visuals as representations of cities. These visuals may be a single spatial representation as a map or a sketch, or it may be in form of a visual metaphor (for example Blue Banana, European Bunch of Grapes, London Green Belt, the finger model of Copenhagen etc.) or a complex set of images. Throughout the history, the urban planning discipline has looked at visual representations in various different ways, giving little to no attention on them at all (Jarvis 1994; Neuman 1996, 2000; Faludi 1996; Dühr 2007). Since the notion of planning through debate (Healey, 1992) they are accepted communication tools which shape attention (Forester 1989), therefore shape the discourse (Kunzmann 1996; Healey 1997, 2006; Forester 1999). On the other hand, they are object to treacherous vision (Shields, 1996) which allows manipulations (Pickels 1992; Neuman 1996; recognized that representations may focus on certain parts while inevitably neglecting others (Harvey 1996). Since the visual representations of spaces, like cartographical maps, are not accepted as objective and scientifically informed instruments only, they as well are object to communicative distortions (Dühr, 2007). Thats why it is believed by some theoreticians that it is probably abstain visual representations (Eeten and Roe, 2000) because they can lead to serious conflict (Zonneveld, 2000) through their biased perspective of reality (Crampton, 2001). Despite the recognized consensus-building purpose of representations; growing chaos, complexity and fuzzy reasoning hinders their effective outcomes (Forester, 1999; Healey, 2007; Innes and Booher, 2010; Neuman, 2010). Growing complexity makes planning messier, their outcomes sketchier (Neuman, 2012) and their discourse more abstract. On the other hand, how can we make planning interesting and understandable without using visual representations (Zech, 2013)? Nevertheless, discourse helps finding meaning in complexity and it can create unquestioned knowledge that requires unconventional creative thinking. Visual representations in all its different forms help us to understand the urban complexity.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Urban Landscape Cultivation in Contact With Protected Nature; How to Solve Fuzzy Relations by Design?
    (AESOP, 2015) Turzová, Mária
    This paper explores the process of cultivation of specific areas within Bratislava urban landscape located in close proximity to protected areas of Little Carpathians included in the Natura 2000 BA project towards Restoration of NATURA 2000 sites in cross-border Bratislava capital region. However, the concept of landscape management of contact zones of urban and natural structures is not reflected in the project and existing policies. Therefore, responsibility for decision making and sustainability of these areas are fuzzy and divided between many actors with conflicting interests, such as residents and vacationers, environmentalists, municipalities, developers and activists. Hence, the emergent need is to cultivate these spaces - to develop their relations into deeper levels of understanding, participation and sharing by visionary planning, innovative design and sensitive management in the complexity. The output of the research is the framework of development measures for sustainable development and cultivation of the urban fringe natural areas developed by author in cooperation with NGOs Daphne and BROZ - the Natura 2000 BA partners. Using field research, analyzing historical and existing characteristics of the sites, by the participation of residents and visitors, and consulting with experts, the concept of landscape plan was developed. Segments of the plan designed in detail respect both the interests of nature and also human requirements - democratic, accessible places with more opportunities for sociability. This paper contributes to the debates on practical examples of managing various interests in specific locations, characterized by fuzzy relations between natural and urban aspects.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Planning Coordination Mechanism of Scenic Spots and City Area Contradiction Case Study of Dengfeng, Henan, China
    (AESOP, 2015) Shao, Hua
    Dengfeng is located in the central of Henan province of China. World Cultural Heritage The Centre of Heaven and Earth, the Songshan Scenic Area and the world famous Shaolin Temple are located in Dengfeng. The rapid development of economy and city expansion brings to the contradiction of scenic spot and city area, culture tourism and Real estate development, high rise building and city style. Therefore, it is reference significant to explore the synergistic mechanisms of scenic spot and city area under the participation of local government, enterprise planners and citizen. In order to exploring the reasons of contradictions between scenic spot and city area, cultural tourism and city development in the process of rapid urbanization of China, it is important to research the synergistic mechanisms of typical case in the micro and macro bilinear logic view in the interception of certain historical span. It is argues that keeping the flexible adaptability of micro system relative to macro system (the national or regional scale) is the key to stable local elements, guide the coordination of scenic spot and city area and inverse configuration. The synergistic mechanisms of scenic spot and city area, which consist by the transition space of basic control line, height zoning and cultural infiltration, could form a bidirectional adjustment path and elements allocation pattern which aims to optimize small unit. city unit development mode leads to the reshape of scenic spot and city blending area, but it also brings with a certain degree of inner closed tend, which deeply influences the formation of new relationship of scenic spot and city area. At last, it reclaims that China should transfer from the macro guide system to micro innovation system when deal with the relationship of scenic spot and city area, to enhance the ability of independent regional development organization and effective allocation of elements.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    I move therefore I can. Translating mobility capitals into planning practice
    (AESOP, 2015) Vecchio, Giovanni
    Aim of the paper is to understand if the construction of mobility capitals, as shaped by planning actions, could be introduced in planning practice and if it could contribute to the orientation of individual and collective travel behaviours towards more sustainable mobility practices. Mobility capitals, that can be framed as the opportunities in the field of movement which are available to individuals, are introduced as a key concept to associate individual aspirations and their reflection on mobility practices, focusing on how individuals differently appropriate the opportunities of movement. Consequently, the potential significance of mobility capitals for mobility planning is discussed through various examples, referred in particular to the now spreading Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans a planning tool developed at the European level which seem to contribute to the construction of mobility capitals with different styles of mobility governance.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Responsibility of Social Cohesion for the Shelters Planning in Urban Residential Districts
    (AESOP, 2015) Qi, Buri; Dai, Shenzhi
    There may be higher risk for people during disaster when they are enjoying the varieties of convenient services with urbanization trends. Especially during natural calamities, of which properties are unexpected and rapid, it is more serious for losses of life and property. The shelters in residential districts are the important location which the residents can immediately utilize for safety once natural disaster or emergencies happen. So basing on the common safety interests, there are some responsibilities of all the residents for shelters planning in urban residential districts, which can make shelters be adequately utilized and reduce the losses during disaster. Social cohesion will be needed to realize this objective, which is reflected by the following aspects: firstly making the residents participate in improvement of the shelters planning according to their actual needs; secondly ensuring the facilities in shelters can operate well and the rescue can be effectively utilized. In this paper, the role of social cohesion on shelters planning in urban residential districts, which also included the routing maintenances and improvements of the shelters, was studied by basing on disaster psychology and anthropo-sociology, and the case study was applied by the in-depth interview and questionnaires. It was found that the more effectiveness of the social cohesion in the shelters planning was bad, and the more roles of the shelters would be played during the disaster and simultaneously the losses could be possibly reduced. Therefore, the social cohesion is important one of the considerations in the shelters planning.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    From silos to integrated collaboration: local policy design as means to promote the collaborative metropolitan governance
    (AESOP, 2015) Okitasari, Mahesti
    Achieving integrated collaborative governance of multi-sector stakeholders goes beyond setting independently formulated policies across different domains. It entails taking into account a comprehensive approach among different areas of policy at the formulation and implementation stages. For collaborative metropolitan governance pursued at the city level, integrated collaboration means finding development paths that consider synergies and trade-off applicable for different stakeholders at different level. With the process of designing and administering collaboration varies according to the types of policies and institutions adopted in cities, the success of metropolitan-wide collaborative governance depends on the integrated outlook on local policies and institutional architecture. This paper provides an overview of various local policy designs to administer collaboration, and seek to illustrate the policy framework to promote integrated collaborative governance. Four Indonesian metropolitan regions with a total of 23 member cities are observed as comparative case studies. Detailed examination of local institutional structure is conducted to sketch the local institutionalisation on collaborative activities. Despite the similar setup provided by the central government, the comparison of these cases demonstrates a different scale of operation, structure, and policy instruments. Drawing upon work on power dynamics and social relation, this paper illustrates the linkages between the selection of policy instruments and the institutional structure. Our findings point out that the comprehensive approach through coherence policies positively affects the intergovernmental collaboration, a step toward integrated metropolitan collaborative governance. The cross-sectoral collaboration, on the other hand, is affected in a lesser degree.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Civic crowdfunding: a bottom-up practice for a consensual urban development
    (AESOP, 2015) Giannola, Elena; Abruscato, Salvatore; Cane, Floriana; Riotta, Francesco Paolo
    Cities are actually transforming their governmental, economic, social structures. In this complexity, making right policies to guarantee the social justice and the quality of life is really difficult: there is not only a financial problems, in consequence of international crisis, but also a relational problem between people and local institutions. The public government itself to all the utilities and public services for the citizens, and, at the same time, people are losing confidence in the institutions. In this critic context, planners should be the conjunction between people and government, applying good and effective participation methods. In this way, citizens could achieve the capacity to suggest decisions, strategies, local interventions, and in some limited cases they also could support economically their proposals through the civic crowdfunding. The value of this practice is not only financial: in this way we can improve the social cohesion, the sense of community, encouraging the bottom-up processes of requalification, increasing the social justice level. In this way, minorities are protected and the urban management is more democratic and inclusive. The role of planners and local governments is fundamental to coordinate and orientate the bottom-up initiatives: citizens actions could integrate the traditional planning participatory budgeting. At last, a very significant contribute can be represented by the IC technologies: there are many crowdfunding web platforms, local or international, and some of this are dedicated to civic projects. In this perspective, civic crowdfunding could be applied as a valid urban planning practice.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Correlation Studies on Residential Pattern and Carbon Emissions from Residents Transportation: A Case Study on Shanghai Caoyang Xincun
    (AESOP, 2015) Wang, Weiqiang; Yue, Jian Li Yufeng
    Population density is relevant to the residence form characteristics and pattern classification, and the carbon emission from residential transportation is logically correlate with population density, facilities variety and traffic site distance. Existing related research shows that urban form cause influence on transportation and carbon emissions, however, on the part of residential scale, the relative research on spatial form and per capita transportation carbon emission still needs more empirical cases. This paper takes Shanghai Caoyang Xincun as the object, researches on the carbon emission with "3Ds" theory, through the investigation questionnaire to estimate the per capita transportation carbon emission of 54 estates sample. From the comparative analysis of the results, the volume ratio of Caoyang Xincun and population density present positive correlation with transportation carbon emissions per capita, but negative correlation with facilities variety. Considering settlements residents of social economy and traffic facilities layout unbalanced factors of traffic sites and accessibility and negatively correlation with transportation per capita carbon emissions. According to the analysis from the logical correlation between the carbon emission and eight residential patterns in the sample, it is concluded that the diversity of per capita transportation carbon emissions is caused by the superposition of variety of socioeconomic and travel needs of the spatial behaviour main body. Before the judgment of low-carbon estate pattern, the structural characteristics of spatial density and society should be clarified first, then the national conditions, regional development condition; socioeconomic factors need to be combined to guide the development of future residential pattern.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Analysis for the Policy of Reorganizing Rural residential patches in China and the Dilemma of Ecological Niche in China’s Urban and Rural Areas
    (AESOP, 2015) Yue, Yufeng; Li, Weiqiang Wang Jian
    With the rapid economic development and significant urbanization in China, dual-structure phenomenon, caused by the great gap of development level in urban and rural areas, has become increasingly prominent. Compared with the urban areas, the development in terms of social, economic and cultural aspects in rural areas has encountered underlying dilemma. To narrow the gap between urban and rural development, the Ministry of Land and Resources has proposed planning policy for reorganizing rural lands, trying to achieve integration of the population and land resources in agricultural areas and construction of modern intensive rural residential areas to promote the overall development in urban and rural areas, and realize the modernization goals for the benefit of rural areas, agriculture industry and peasants there. This paper is aimed to adopt the research perspective and method of ecological niche theory, establish the ecological niche expansion model and analyse the theory essence of the Reorganization of rural residential patches to summarize the internal change mechanisms of the ecological niche in urban and rural areas during the process of consolidation. Combined with author’s planning and research in Henan Province, Chinese agricultural populous province, the empirical analysis could be conducted to determine the niche development trend in urban and rural areas during the course of the consolidation, so as to propose a value judgment orientation for China rural governance and planning policy development, as well as the discussions on the niche dilemma and path direction of the rural development in China.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Jak development of Nowe Warpno - implementation of a don’t move improve device in a small polish town
    (AESOP, 2015) Krasowska, Katarzyna
    Nowe Warpno is a typical example of a town stricken with economic collapse of nevertheless managed to survive due to the attitude of local authorities and res analysis carried out for this rural-urban municipality unveils that it has been negative occurrence of shrinking towns. Existence of Nowe Warpno has always associated with lake fishery formerly supported by functioning shipyard, comm harbours. The crisis of Polish fishery - liquidation of local shipyard, Polish Schengen Area, abolition of duty-free zone on the town grounds caused deteriora disappearance of life within Nowe Warpno until the beginning of the 21st centu Strategy of Development supported by efficient local authorities aiming at rev economic development, effective acquirement of regional and EU funding, in addit compensation from Maritime Department reasonably allocated by the authorities, al a decaying village into a tourist destination. Wise management established the richest and best-administered municipalities in Poland. For Nowe Warpno the last from deterioration to averting the crisis . The article depicts endogenous and influenced the success of this small community. Among the positive tendencies an the initiative of inhabitants fighting for development of expansively functioni actions have a lot in common with the idea originated in a district of Boston
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Using the Theory of Landscape Prototype Enhancement of Neighbourhood Planning Social Cohesion Take the Xu Jiahui Park Design as an Example
    (AESOP, 2015) Zhao, Qian; Zhang, Yujin; Hu, Gangyu
    The landscape consists of landscape and appreciation the landscape, landscape design in the neighbourhood is to meet the needs of appreciation. Therefore, planning designers and architects should stand in the position of viewing emotion at design time, they should understand what the most viewers want to see and what can touch or fluctuate emotion in the hearts of viewers by strengthening social cohesion. Landscape design in the neighbourhood based on the regional culture or emotional tend to make people have a rich emotional resonance. This paper takes Xu Jiahui Park as an example, defining design prototype theory, analysing from the perspective of regional prototype and emotional prototype , and exploration the park landscape design based on the prototype theory.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Study on the Adaptive Utilization of Urban and Architectural Heritages under Urban Renewal from a Human-oriented Point of View -- Taking York and Pingyao as Examples
    (AESOP, 2015) Duan, Fei; Mo, Wenjing
    How to protect the urban and architectural heritages from being damaged and how to utilize and develop these heritages to satisfy the demand of people against the background of rapid economic and social development are two significant subjects in urgent need of solution. Taking Pingyao and York as examples, this paper studies the utilization of urban and architectural heritages under urban renewal from a human-oriented point of view. First of all, on the basis of the humanistic theory, urban renewal theory, urban and architectural heritage protection theory, this paper adopts the method of document research and theory deduction, to provide solutions for the protection of urban and architectural heritages under city renewal from the perspective of cognition. Secondly, by applying the comparative study and empirical study to compare and study the protection and utilization of urban and architectural heritages on national level, urban level (Pingyao and York), and on specific instances (the South Avenue of Pingyao and the Shambles of York) of Britain and China, this paper analyses and concludes different architectural utilization methods under different environments that are applicable to the development demand of human, so as to provide instruction and guidance for the protection and utilization of urban and architectural heritages.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Assessment of public participation process by using urban coding methodology in urban design: case study Bostanci urban block
    (AESOP, 2015) Basak, Merve
    One of the most important pillars of social dimension in urban design, participation, basically means the integration of users into the urban design processes. Participatory design processes seek a balance among variable thoughts that belong to users. Participation requires flexibility in the production of urban spaces since it theoretically needs to bring different thoughts together and let them change in the context of design goals.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    On Which Gezi Gives Birth To: Turkey’s First Squat ‘Don Quixote House’
    (AESOP, 2015) Ates, Burcu
    Every single marginal group belongs to what is called “subculture”. This marginality is due to their different sense in politics, sociality, music, arts, and fashion, which make them stand as an opponent of the mainstream: Mainstream media, mainstream fashion styles, popular music, dominant political ideology, accepted social gender, and so on. Henceforth, their opposing stand and antagonist position make them be „transgressive‟. Hereby, the spaces they use have the potential to be a space for crime, from the view of power holders. On the other hand, where they inherently express themselves are the „spaces for other‟ or the „heterotopias‟ in Foucauldian sense. These are the spaces where intersections, juxtapositions and superimpositions of many differences take place. Indeed, such urban spaces become a means of free expression, personal experience and collective memory. The other spaces of those marginals, therefore, are what Lefebvre called as „lived space‟, since they initiate a collective habitat by means of using, appropriating and reclaiming the urban space. Here, urban space becomes an effective tool to express oneself and such expression particularly manifested itself whereby a social movement, an uprising where small groups of marginals have a chance to act together. This paper analyzes „spaces for other‟ where marginal groups habit themselves and maintain an alternative daily life. The "Don Quixote House" in İstanbul which emerged as a "squat" is also an attempt to create an „other space‟, which initiated after Gezi Uprising. Therefore, this paper is for seeking how Gezi Uprising triggers marginals to create such "squat‟ as a communal habitat for public use.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    The urban and environmental analysis of The Mokotowski Ventilation Corridor
    (AESOP, 2015) Jachimowicz, Anna Malgorzata; Wlodarczyk, Martyna
    The Scientific Project made by the Student Scientific Association of Spatial Planning placed on Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography Warsaw University of Technology titled: The urban an environmental analysis of The Mokotowski Ventilation Corridor . The project focused on carry many sided research’s and analysis indispensable to assess the actual impact of buildings in the corridor on air exchange system in its proximity. Undertaken actions indicated the complexity of a problem with location buildings in open urban areas, which are at the same time significant elements of the ventilation system of Warsaw. All implemented analysis led to conclusion, that the buildings recently introduced into aforementioned ventilation corridor affect adversely air exchange, not only on the premises, but also in the areas adjacent. Students performed air flow simulations and shading analysis of the corridor region. Additionally, they conducted researches to urban barriers. Moreover, students took into consideration Polish law regulations concerning buildings these sites impact of local statutory plans, zoning, buildings permit, agreement with developers for suitable improvements of analysed area. The final work is the concept of area development plan situated in a fragment of the corridor. Plan is a proposition of proper land development, which does not interfere with the ventilation system and includes needs of local population.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Fuzzy governance approach to wholesale conversion of industrial buildings under the new revitalization policy: a case study of Kwun Tong, Hong Kong
    (AESOP, 2015) Chen, Hao; Xia, Nankai
    The package of measures to facilitate redevelopment and wholesale conversion of buildings (the “revitalization policy”) came into operation in HK on 1 April 20 owners to apply for waivers at a nil fee for change of use of the existing buildings. Reg bottom-up revitalization enthusiasm, hard negotiation for all the owners of the building to agree the conversion, 26% of the applications withdrawn by applicants’ slow conversion process made the HK government worried. The objective of this research is to explore fuzzy governance methods and options revitalization policy at the operational level. Kwun Tong is chose as the type research mainly consists of two parts. (i) Find problems: because of the scatter hard negotiations between owners restrict the wholesale conversion application conversion procedures have strict structure restriction and make interior space modern needs. The regional supporting system is lack, such as parking and pedestrian Kwun Tong is supposed to be changed from an industrial district to a commercial di fuzzy governance methods: a) Three-layered fuzzy negotiation and after-compensating b) Individual floor conversion (such as ground floor); c) Flexible building co process for better spatial uses in the future; d) Regional planning guidance to benefit-oriented conversion in order to gain a double-track balance.
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