2014 Sustainibility in heritage protected areas

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  • ItemOpen Access
    Le haut de la rue Nationale à Tours - un projet urbain ambitieux porté par l’Agence d’Urbanisme
    (AESOP, 2014) Tanguay, Céline
    The upper rue National in Tours: an ambitious urban project supported by L’Agence d’Urbanisme Place Anatole France at the top of the rue Nationale, has a symbolic and heritage value. It was between 1743 and 1751 that a bridge was built over the Loire, its route determined by the creation of the new road to Spain on a North-South axis. These great works established the two places on either side of the bridge, square Choiseul on the North and square Anatole France on the South. In 2000, the L’Agence d’Urbanisme de l’Agglomération de Tours (ATU) produced a first report on the future development of Anatole France in which accommodating the car in an underground carpark was a major feature. This was revised in 2002, when a broader and more balanced future vision for a change of use for this public space was set out. This involved setting out possible programmes and researching the relevant layout and forms of the Square. This required the amendment of the Conservation Area Plan and the redefinition of its scope so as to introduce the development of the whole old city centre into the plans. The ATU has developed several design concepts that have in common the demolition of the commercial existing areas (approximately 2,500 m2), the re-valuation of the Saint-Julien church and the opening of the School of Fine Arts. The projects also aimed to reduce the impact of the car, to reorganize part of the parking lots and to give back space to pedestrians and visitors. The studies for the new tramway line (after 2007) have corroborated these initial ideas. In 2010, the ATU published “The top of the rue Nationale” in two-volumes, “History of place” and “Destruction and reconstruction.” These documents helped to put the unique status of this urban space into a time perspective.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Supportive guidelines as a tool for the conception of Local Urban Plans
    (AESOP, 2014) Riauté, Mélanie
    Nowadays, building on unbuilt land and urbanization is a core issue. In France 600 km² of land are built on every year. In addition, the increase of built-up land is four times faster than population growth. This massive and probably unnecessary urbanization leads to a significant loss of agricultural and natural areas, which are essential to maintain. The urban environment is home to over more than half the world’s population, consumes about 75% of energy resources and generates 80% of greenhouse gas emissions. Urban areas, highly energy consuming, are increasing up every day, mainly at the expense of agricultural areas and contributes to the degradation of the ecological footprint. Moreover, the compactness that characterised the cities of the past has for many decades now been abandoned, as typified by the dormitory towns and tower blocks of the fifties. The city is, by definition, a place where you need to promote exchanges and interactions between residents in order to contribute to their further cultural and general development and progress. As urban planners, we have to ask ourselves the question: how can we build the sustainable city of tomorrow? What are the most effective urban forms to create an efficient city in terms of space and energy consumption, whilst respecting the lives, development, progress and culture of the people. This is a reality, the concern for sustainable development should not clash with architectural and landscape heritage. On the contrary, the principles of sustainable development must be carried out simultaneously with the redevelopment of the old neighbourhoods, which are often synonymous with urban environmental quality and liveability.
  • ItemOpen Access
    The cost of urban heritage: discussion with Bertrand Jolit
    (AESOP, 2014) Alexis, Nasos; Verdelli, Laura
    This article summarizes the thoughts that emerged during an interview with Mr. Bertrand Jolit on 8th February 2015) discussing the management of urban heritage as a form of private property and, by extension, the role it plays in the formation of a collective asset for the character of an area. As the abstract of an article by Einar Bowitz and Karin Ibenholt says: “Investments in cultural heritage are often claimed to be beneficial for a local economy, not only in terms of cultural consumption, but also in the form of increased employment and income” 2, the literature on this matter, even if the methods to calculate direct and indirect impacts are still very basic, is increasing. Heritage is considered as a socio-economic development factor, but the first sector that is addressed by heritage conservation projects is cultural tourism and visits, which often lead to a staged heritage. But what about ordinary, everyday life in added-value heritage buildings? How do ordinary people, owners of ‘old’ buildings, deal with costly restorations, constraining rules, and lack of skills (starting with their own, but going up to craftsmen)? How does the action of ‘ordinary’ people (as well owners and professionals) contribute to the general and overall conservation of the built up heritage (made up of both tangible and intangible components)? How does it keep heritage alive? How does it avoid having ‘only’ protected monuments that are preserved? If, following the more recent theories, we assume that there is no conservation without social conservation, what is the role individuals are playing in sustaining a complex, complete and general heritage environment?
  • ItemOpen Access
    La Rentrée: bringing life back to the interface between city & river
    (AESOP, 2014) Alexis, Nasos; Hotakainen, Tiina; Singh, Gautam; Maas, Suzanne
    The city of Tours, the principal town in the Loire valley, famous for its cultural and natural heritage, was the chosen venue for the 5th European Urban Summer School, focusing on the contradictions between heritage conservation and urban sustainability. In our group assignment we were asked to research a particular site in the city centre: the area comprising the upper part of the centre’s main artery, the Rue Nationale, the inner quarters to the west and east, and the adjacent Place Anatole France (see Figure 1), together forming the interface between the city, the river and its people. The study site has changed significantly over the past hundred years. In the 18th century, King Louis XV commissioned the creation of the Rue Nationale, forming a northsouth connection cutting through the city of Tours as part of the road from Paris to Spain.
  • ItemOpen Access
    More tours in Tours
    (AESOP, 2014) Schroeder, Liesa; De Weger, Julie; Navarro, Fernando; Beg, Marija
    Tours is the capital of the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. For tourists it is a stop-off during their visit to the Loire Valley. For locals it is the place they live with varying levels of permanency. For students who study there, it is a place of temporary (yet often strong) affiliation. Each of these groups contributes to the city as a living formative influence and each of them uses the city in a different way. Therefore, the city is partly characterized by its users. Furthermore, Tours is a Roman city Caesarodunum; it is a pilgrimage route; it is a Medieval city; it is the birthplace of the Renaissance in France; it is the city for royal ceremonies with French axial symmetry; it is a bombarded city scarred by wars, especially the last one and finally, it is the city that has been rebuilt. Tours is all that, but also none of that. It is the city of today, yet still comprises all those layers that have been added down the centuries. Accordingly, the city is partly characterized by the contradictions of past and present. At last, Tours is a part of the Loire Valley UNESCO Heritage Site. This institutionalized protective measure should help some areas to deal with inevitable changes in the modern world, but there is a risk of preventing further development by preserving and monumentalizing the existing situation. Ironically, what we try to protect now, we wouldn’t have even had if we had preserved it in today’s way centuries ago!
  • ItemOpen Access
    City Deep, River Wide: shifting axes changing perceptions of the upper rue Nationale
    (AESOP, 2014) Basic, Jasmina; Stroud, Alfie; Peralta Zaragoza, Anna; Sitarz, Anna
    The topic of the 5th European Urban Summer School – ‘Heritage Conservation and Sustainable Development’ – gave us our prompt for getting to know Tours. It told us that the city has valuable assets but that it should be adapted to the contemporary and future needs of its users. Indeed, there’s a lot going on in Tours. It has an evidently rich built heritage and, maybe even more valuable, the natural heritage of the river Loire. However, an over obsessive preservation of aspects of its heritage could risk Tours becoming a museum, which would not provide sustainable circumstances for a place for people live and work. This premise is why we came together in the city to talk about it. Our approach to researching this urban area was to explore potentials of the characteristics we found in it, and to show the richness of the whole area. We acquired a strong feeling from our growing acquaintance with the place that everything it needs already exists, but just needs to be reinterpreted to improve the urban life of its users. Tours does not want to become a museum but rather a sustainable urban entity. To that end, there’s no need necessarily to build something new, or to change everything that already exists. The research we summarise in this paper would like to illustrate that sometimes it is enough to change our perception and try to see things in a different way. In this way, they become new and can provoke alternative responses for guiding the processes of change. At the same time, it is the method that preserves our heritage.
  • ItemOpen Access
    A design proposal for Place Anatole France
    (AESOP, 2014) Khawaja, Hadeel
    During my studies in Polytech Tours for the Master Programme Planning and Sustainability, we were asked to deliver a conceptual design proposal of developing Place Anatole France- Tours. The project was supervised by Prof. Laura Verdelli under the unit of Heritage and Sustainable development. Each group - made up of four students - had worked on a different proposal, with altered approaches to analyse the project components. This article is devoted to briefly explaining how we understood the project and what is the suggested proposal for developing Place Anatole France. Our concept design proposal suggests: unifying the space and creating interactive nodes within the site boundary would add a new experience to Place Anatole France. The group members are: Abinaya Rajavelu (India), Manasvini Hariharan (India), Alice Frantz Schneider (Brazil) and myself Hadeel Khawaja (Jordan). The design proposal was divided into three main phases: –– Phase ‘A’ focused on understanding the project through thorough site analysis and divided into three divisions: 1) its urban fabric, 2) studying the previous proposals already made by the municipality/developers for the site area and 3) notes of the site users. –– Phase ‘B’ focused on coming up with observations influenced by the site analysis. –– Phase ‘C’ is the concept design proposal. Starting with Phase (A), the urban fabric had examined four components; the thoroughfares, the landscape and streetscape, the building types around the site, and the open public spaces.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Sustainability in heritage protected areas : Proceedings of the 5th AESOP European Urban Summer School Tours, France, from 1st – 8thSeptember 2014
    (AESOP, 2014) Verdelli, Laura
    The present book contains the proceedings of the fifth EUSS which took place in Tours, France, from 1st – 8thSeptember 2014, organised by the École Polytechnique de l’Université de Tours, Département Aménagement et Environnement (EPU-DAE). The theme.is ‘Heritage conservation and sustainable urban development’. It is the third and last of those including the papers of YPPA winners and sponsored by mI&M. The YPPA papers are those from the three winners: Fernando Navarro Carmona - elCASC - from Spain, Cexiang Foo from Singapore and Nasos Alexis from Crete, Greece, and from the runner-up Anna Peralta Zaragoza, also from Spain.Responsible for the 5th EUSS and for editing this publication is Laura Verdelli. The partner organisations are indebted to her for her huge efforts to make both the Summer School and this book a success. Tours has proved itself a worthy case study for examining the theme of heritage and sustainability as this book shows. We hope you enjoy and get some new ideas from reading its content. The 5th EUSS / 3rd YPPA have once again confirmed that a few days of intensive interaction, hard work and fun can produce many useful new ideas from, and friendships amongst, young planning professionals and tutors from diverse countries who participated and have contributed to this book. EUSS will continue. All partners are very grateful for the support of the Dutch ministry the past three years, achieved by integrating the YPPA into its proceedings. The books represent a tangible and lasting reflection of the information and knowledge generated. Without them, a lot of that knowledge could easily just fade into the past with a minimum of impact. It is our hope that we will be able to continue with the series of publications from the following Summer Schools.