Planning for Transition, Venice 9-13.7.2019
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- ItemOpen AccessLet's Talk About Change : Experiences from a video exhibition confronting the public with urban and landscape transition bz revisiting the original sites of relocated historical museums buildings to view these sites in their current state(AESOP, 2019) Schretzenmayr, Martina; Casaulta - Meyer, SimonaBetween 1985 and 2015, settlement areas in the densely populated parts of Switzerland increased by almost one third. Whereas Switzerland still perceives itself as "Heidland" (referring to Johanna Spyri's novel), expected to attract tourists with its beautiful landscapes and charming small towns, the country has been transformed into an urban landscape dominated by conurbations. In the 2010s, several ground-braking (direct democratic) popular initiatives linked to landscape issues were launched and received the majority of the vote. The will to control further expansion of settlement areas exists and the transformation of built heritage and landscapes is present on the national political stage, but the perception of change is still difficult to express. However, dealing with landscape transition and developing local planning concepts accepted by people requires talking about change more site-specific. In 2016, the authors organised an exhibition at the Swiss open-air museum Ballenberg. It presents more than 100 historical farm buildings from all over Switzerald, which had been relocated from their original sites for various reasons, from construction of new residential or commercial buildings to infrastructure projects and original sites today cover urban, suburban and peripheral locations. Videos of the original sites of 14 selected Ballenberg buildings were produced in order to present these sites of origin as they appear today. The videos, which were presented in the respective museum buildings, confronted the visitors with historical buildings - still in existence, but relocated - and the current condition of their former sites. A special visitor's centre provided an opportunity to find out more and to discuss the topic of change with volunteers. Experience gathered from this exhibition will be presented, giving an insight into the quality of the visitors' debate initiated by the videos and reflecting on the impact of these findings in dealing with landscape transition future.
- ItemOpen AccessDeveloping transformation strategies for Alpine industrial landscapes shown by the Styrian Iron Route in Austria(AESOP, 2019) Pechhacker, Julia; Forster, JuliaThe Alpine Space is one of the most important industrial regions in Europe. The transformation from manufacturing to service industry in the last decades and the decrease of traditional heavy and manufacturing industry are leaving impressive former productive landscapes of relevant size and complexity, so-called Alpine industrial landscapes behind. The potential value of these landscapes is linked closely to ecological, economical and social challenges in the development of these regions. No significant strategies or programmes for a transformation of industrial brownfields exist currently. The INTERREG project “trAILs " deals with the topic of industrial brownfields and aims to generate knowledge about Alpine industrial landscapes. It shows how future development paths for these sites can be developed and visualised and thus serve as a basis for discussion, decisionmaking and planning for the definition of concrete planning recommendations for municipalities. The overall objective of the project is to discuss and develop ways of raising awareness of the strategic development of brownfield sites, a topic that will continue to gain in importance in future. The following contribution focuses on the first project phase, in which a process for developing a transformation strategy was elaborated and tested in one of four pilot regions.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Production of Heritage(AESOP, 2019) Pace, Michela; Chandler, AlanUrban regeneration is one of the operations through which global cities are tackling the increasing need of housing. Since 2008 redevelopment concentrated on selected urban districts, the reliance on private sector funding favouring 'luxury' developments and a systematic change in property patterns. The most interesting dynamic within this new field of urban exclusivity is the linkage of culture and history to the regeneration process. Heritage is a dominant new rhetoric employed in the marketing of these operations, the use of which engages and usurps political and administrative authorities able to facilitate urban development. The inclusion of the Heritage agenda concerns the restitution of urban legacies, becoming a selective concept which supports exclusive occupation, opening issues of accessibility and spatial democracy. The recurrence and extension of this phenomenon requires us to reflect on political and economic deviations that the promotion of urban legacy generates, both in terms of its spatial consequences but also in the cultural redefinition of who inherits the city. London and Shanghai are observed as case studies of what is now a global phenomenon, and reveal how the ‘production of Heritage’ becomes a regeneration driver supporting the market economy.
- ItemOpen AccessBuilt heritage and landscape role in the Rome metropolitan plan(AESOP, 2019) Nucci, LuciaBuilt Heritage and landscape are long-term cultural and material memories costantly reinterpreted by the contemporaries. Both are considered as fundamental level for local and regional development in the Rome’s Metropolitan Plan (Piano Territoriale Provinciale Generale PTPG). The Plan interpret nature, built heritage and landscape as key value that characterize the metropolitan identities. Settlement’s transformations in the plan arise from the physical and historical form of the territory and encourage a double polycentrism (Rome and 120 municipalities). One of the general objective of the plan is to reorganize present settlement in made the most of existing patterns rules and peculiarities by using principles of the compact city. The paper would like to point out how built heritage and landscape development have to re-shapes the territories of our dispersal contemporary city.
- ItemOpen AccessAlpine Industrial Landscapes in Transition. Towards a transferable strategy for brownfield transformation in mountain regions(AESOP, 2019) Modica, Marcello; Weilacher, UdoSince a few decades in many European mountain regions a process of economic restructuring is leading to the decline of traditional heavy and manufacturing industry. The issue of brownfield transformation is therefore becoming a crucial topic in the sustainable development of peripheral and rural areas too, although not yet officially recognized. The complex environmental, economic and social challenges posed by brownfield transformation in mountain areas, added to the structural limitations of marginal contexts as such, require the development of a context-specific, transferable strategy. In this perspective, the Alps, as the most developed mountain region in Europe, can play a key role as a laboratory for brownfields conversion. The first results of this research, which include a comparative analysis of the most representative industrial brownfield typologies found in mountain areas, suggest that an effective and transferable transformation strategy can be successfully developed only if a “landscape approach” based on structuralist planning principles is used. Through the development of an according strategy, the research wants to show that industrial brownfield sites can be positively and constructively interpreted, in the Alpine context and possibly in other mountain regions, as a valuable territorial infrastructure to be reactivated rather than simply a vacant land to be redeveloped.